Head of the Global Issues Programme. He graduated in law (LLM) and international relations (MA) from the University of Warsaw and earned a PhD degree in law from the Institute of Law Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences. He participates in the Warsaw Process Working Groups on human rights and energy security, and a project on the Geopolitics and Energy Transformation (GET). His research focuses on international and EU law, and the activities of the UN and the Council of Europe. He speaks fluent English and has a working knowledge of French.