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Home > Publications > PISM Policy Papers

PISM Policy Papers

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08 July 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 12 (153): How Can NATO Contribute to Ukraine and Georgia’s Border Security?
The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Jeffrey Rathke, Daniel Szeligowski and Konrad Zasztowt

In this text, the focus is on the security of the borders of Ukraine and Georgia as well as the administrative boundaries that separate the areas controlled by the governments in Kyiv and Tbilisi from those occupied by Russian forces and separatists. Conflicts beyond NATO’s borders, such as the Russian occupation of Georgia’s Abkhazia and South Ossetia and its aggression in Ukraine, pose a threat to the security of NATO’s Eastern Flank states. Therefore, NATO’s ability to provide security to its members depends on the Alliance cooperating closely with its neighbours. In this respect, Ukraine and Georgia, both of which share borders with NATO members, are of special importance. NATO should build on the experience of its own members and join ranks with the European Union in order to further support the territorial integrity of Ukraine and Georgia. Enhanced border security should be a key element of such partnerships.

08 July 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 11 (152): NATO in Libya: A Long-term Plan for Stability
The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Paolo Quercia, Patrycja Sasnal, Julianne Smith and Kurt Volker

There has never been a better time for NATO’s involvement in Libya than now. Libya—a country many describe as the second biggest source of instability in the Euro-Atlantic neighbourhood, with multiple local centres of power, some 2,000 militias in intertwined conflict, a growing people-smuggling market and expanding terrorist organisations, namely IS and Al Qaeda—has the new and able Government of National Accord. It has already shown it can deliver by defeating IS in Sirte, but without urgent support from the international community it may not be able to show more progress in providing security, reform and services to the Libyan people. In cooperation with the EU, NATO can and should assist with SSR, border control and countering people-smuggling, as there is no better placed actor than the Alliance to help Libya in this regard. 
15 April 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 10 (151): EU Pressure Insufficient to Gain U.S. Visa Waiver for Poles

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Marek Wąsiński

In a communication of 12 April, the European Commission assessed the potential political and economic consequences of suspending visa exemption for U.S. citizens. Lacking pressure from individual EU Member States, the Commission discouraged such a move and gave the EU Council and European Parliament three months to take an official position. It seems almost certain that the measure of applying pressure on a non-EU country will not be used to help Poland and four other Member States obtain visa-free travel to the United States or other countries with a similar restriction. However, if current trends continue, Poland should join the U.S. Visa Waiver Programme in five years.

21 March 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 9 (150): Brazil’s Perception of the Visegrad Group: Not a Strategic but a Prospective Partnership

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Marek Wąsiński and Carolina Salgado

The Visegrad Group is still a new label among policy makers as well as public and private investors, scholars and media in Brazil. However, since their accession to the EU in 2004, and the financial crisis that started in 2008, the four Central European countries in this group have started to look beyond Europe in order to formulate their economic and political agenda, aiming to boost partnerships, for example among the biggest South American countries such as Brazil. V4 and Brazil should build momentum to deepen cooperation in the most promising prospective areas such as trade, military, tourism and education.

PISM Policy Paper no. 9 (150)

01 March 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 8 (149): The Global Outlook of the Top Five Candidates in the U.S. Presidential Election

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Cordelia Buchanan Ponczek

Traditionally, there is a partisan split on foreign policy in the United States: Republican candidates and voters worry more about terrorism, defence and national security than Democratic candidates and voters, thereby putting more stock in foreign policy issues, which manifests itself in the aggressiveness—of lack thereof—of each party’s foreign policy platform. But the candidates in the 2016 U.S. presidential election can be categorised by more than just party: a line can also be drawn between conventional candidates—Hillary Clinton, a Democrat, and Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio, Republicans—and unconventional candidates—Donald Trump, a Republican, and Bernie Sanders, a Democrat. Should a conventional candidate be elected president, U.S. foreign policy would be based on predictable adaptation to the changing international environment. An unconventional candidate, however, would be a wild card, whose actions would be difficult to predict.

PISM Policy Paper no. 8 (149)


26 February 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 7 (148): Many Belts and Many Roads: The Proliferation of Infrastructure Initiatives in Asia

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Justyna Szczudlik

Asia could be described as the world’s great construction site, and is already the focus of a scramble for infrastructure projects. Among countries competing for investments are not only China with its Silk Road initiative, but also Korea, Japan, India and ASEAN, which have prepared their own infrastructural strategies. The plethora of initiatives may have a positive impact on Asia, offering diverse solutions to the infrastructural bottleneck and reforms of existing institutions and modes of assistance. But there is also the risk that fierce competition may result in unprofitable projects, while economic slowdown could cause a decline in funding. For Europe these initiatives create opportunities to take part in new projects, but the EU should be aware that the projects will be implemented mainly in Asia and by Asian countries.

PISM Policy Paper no. 7 (148)

17 February 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 6 (147): Forever on the Periphery? The Return of Geopolitics to EU Enlargement to the Balkans
The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Tomasz Żornaczuk

At the beginning of 2016, almost 13 years after the Thessaloniki declaration to integrate the Western Balkans into the European Union, Brussels is left with Croatia as a Member State, Montenegro half way, at best, to becoming one, Serbia with first negotiation chapters just opened, and half of the region with no clear prospect of membership. But the wait-and-see approach that the EU had been employing for a number of years towards the enlargement policy in the Balkans has become even riskier in times of new international challenges. Among them, the ever-growing tensions between the West and Russia should, in particular, serve as motivation for the Union to look at enlargement in the Balkans from a geopolitical angle. Even if the Member States have in recent years shown less enthusiasm towards further rounds of enlargement, this should not discourage the EU institutions from undertaking an active role to revive the European integration process in the Balkans.

PISM Policy Paper no. 6 (147)
01 February 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 5 (146): How ASEAN’s Transformation Can Play Out Well for Europe

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Damian Wnukowski

The transformation of ASEAN into an economic community is a significant step in the organisation’s integration process. The project, formally launched at the beginning of 2016, aims at creation of  a single market of more than 620 million people, loosens the flow of goods, services and investment, which should underpin regional economic growth and catch the attention of foreign businesses. However, obstacles to economic cooperation remain, such as limitations on the movement of labour or capital, which shows that the integration process is not yet complete. The EU, which can benefit from a well-functioning market in this region, should share its own experience to support the ASEAN integration process.

PISM Policy Paper no. 5 (146)

28 January 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 4 (145): Transnistria Zig-zagging towards a DCFTA
The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Stanislav Secrieru

Although Transnistria, in exchange for meeting certain conditions, was allowed to benefit from the free trade agreement that Moldova signed with the EU, there are plenty of obstacles which could derail the deal. The business community in the breakaway republic is eager to enjoy the fruits of the DCFTA but is reluctant to shoulder the price of necessary reforms, the outgoing leader of the separatist enclave could undermine the agreement for electoral reasons, Russia might be tempted to test the EU’s resolve to defend its trade-related norms, and Moldova could erect bureaucratic barriers for producers from the left bank of the Nistru River. In the light of these many risks, the EU should persistently encourage all sides to stick to their commitments while averting disputes that would undermine enforcement of the DCFTA in Transnistria in a timely manner.  

PISM Policy Paper no. 4 (145)
25 January 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 3 (144): The EU-Turkey Deal on Refugees: How to Move Forward

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Pinar Elman

Since the EU-Turkey deal on refugees on 29 November, there has not been a significant reduction in the numbers of migrants crossing into the EU from Turkey. One of the main reasons is probably lack of trust between Turkey and European Commission in their readiness to keep promises. EU can break the impasse by offering Schengen visa liberalisation but at the same time should use the accession negotiations to exert greater pressure on Ankara.   

PISM Policy Paper no. 3 (144)

20 January 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 2 (143): Ukraine: A Migration Corridor with Half-Closed Doors
The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Piotr Kościński

At a time when many European countries are strengthening border protection (including building walls), migrants will seek new avenues to Europe. In this context and of particular importance will be the policy of the authorities of Ukraine, which currently, and despite the still unstable situation in the country (war in the east and economic problems) could become the country of choice for migrants. Another problem for Kyiv may be internal migration. Both forms increase the risk of migration to EU countries such as Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania, which are neighbours of Ukraine. In this situation, additional EU assistance to the authorities in Kyiv will be necessary.     

PISM Policy Paper no. 2 (143)
07 January 2016
PISM Policy Paper no. 1 (142): Australia’s Asylum and Migration Policy: Lessons to Apply to the European Refugee Crisis

The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Damian Wnukowski

Australia has a long history of immigration, including accepting refugees. Over the years, it has developed mechanisms and instruments that aim not only to help people in need but also to provide for the country’s stability and prosperity. However, in recent years some elements of Australia’s refugee policy, especially its approach towards the so-called boat people, have come under fire. Nevertheless, the solutions implemented by Australia should be part of the EU’s efforts to find ones useful for dealing with its current migration crisis.     

PISM Policy Paper no. 1 (142)


 


 
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