His studies of Political Economy at Warsaw University were interrupted by imprisonment after his participation in the student demonstrations of March 1968 and the organization of protests against the Warsaw Pact armies’ invasion of Czechoslovakia in August of that year. Following his release from jail and after being fired from Warsaw University, he emigrated in January 1970 to Sweden, where he studied Sociology and Political Sciences at Uppsala University.
In 1975, he joined the Polish Section of the BBC World Service in London as a journalist, and later became its Deputy Director (1982) then Director (1988-97).
Throughout the years, he actively assisted the Workers Defence Committee (KOR) and later the “Solidarność” Trade Union as well as other democracy movements and underground publishing in Poland and in other then-communist countries, mainly in Czechoslovakia (Charter 77), Hungary and the Helsinki groups in the Soviet Union.
He was co-publisher of the émigré intellectual journal “Aneks” from Aneks Publishing House, copies of which were then smuggled into Poland (1973-1989). He also co-edited the Uncensored Poland News Bulletin (1977-1989). With representatives of Czechoslovak and Hungarian émigrés, he co-edited in London in the ’80s the English-language quarterly “The East European Reporter.”
Following his return to Poland, he became Deputy Chairman of Polish public radio – Polskie Radio S.A. (1998-2004) with responsibility for programming, and later became its Program Director (2004-2005).
For years, he has been active as a foreign policy analyst and as such has been participating in the activities of the Center for International Relations and became its President (2005-2009), and later a Senior Fellow .
He is also Chairman of the official Polish-Czech Forum and has been involved in the Polish-German, Polish-Russian and Polish-Ukrainian dialogues.
Professionally he concentrates on issues related to European Security, CFSP and ESDP, the future of NATO, Eastern Policy of Poland and of the European Union, Russia’s internal and foreign policy and on problems of human rights and promotion of democracy.